Q46: What Is the Lord's Supper?

New City Catechism: Question 46


Christians practice catechesis to instruct believers on the foundational truths of the Christian faith. In a question and answer format, this form of discipleship teaches the Apostle’s Creed, the Ten Commandments, the Lord’s Prayer, along with the basics of the Bible. The New City Catechism, created by Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City, asks 52 questions, one for each week of the year, on topics such as God, creation, and salvation. Each video provides an extended answer to the question from either a pastor at Redeemer or council members of the Gospel Coalition. This video with Ligon Duncan, Chancellor and CEO of Reformed Theological Seminary, answers the question, "What is the Lord's Supper?”


1 Corinthians 11:23-26 (ESV)

23For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread,24and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.”25In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”26For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

Scripture quotations marked (ESV) are from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®, copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.



We can respond to question forty-six with the following answer: Christ commanded all Christians to eat bread and to drink from the cup in thankful remembrance of Him and His death. The Lord’s Supper is a celebration of the presence of God in our midst; bringing us into communion with God and with one another; feeding and nourishing our souls. It also anticipates the day when we will eat and drink with Christ in His Father’s kingdom.


Ligon said that Christ instituted the Lord’s Supper on the eve of His death, so we observe it to remember Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection. What stands out to you the most about this answer? Why?
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In the Lord’s Supper we experience:

Remembrance of Christ’s death and resurrection
Celebration of God’s presence
Communion with God and His people
Nourishment
Anticipation of the glory to come 

Does the answer to this question impact your Christian walk? If so, how and why?
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Read through 1 Corinthians 11:23–26. Take a moment to reflect on the Lord’s Supper. Use the space below to respond. You can write out a prayer, list the implications of the Lord’s Supper, or brainstorm ways you can apply the principle to your life.
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The Catechism can help you remember the core beliefs of Christianity. Take time this week to learn the answer to this question and memorize 1 Corinthians 11:23–26. Allow God to transform your heart, mind, and actions as you observe the Lord’s Supper.



 To learn more about New City Catechism or to download the app, click here